In comparison, the last national election in New Zealand resulted in 79.01 percent voter turnout (according to the NZ Electoral Commission), in the US it was 55.7 percent (according to the US Census Bureau), and in the UK it was 67.3 percent (according to a report in the House of Commons Library). The Benefits of an Independent Life. At the heart of the conflict was anger that local communities were absorbing the environmental damage and not receiving enough benefits from the massive copper resource, which was mothballed during the fighting and remains shut. This war was the product of decades of colonisation, and came to a head because of disputes over large-scale mining. A decade-long civil war in the 1990s, often referred to as the ‘Bougainville crisis’ (those familiar with the Lloyd Jones novel Mr Pip will recognise the setting) devastated the region. Why is Catalonia seeking independence? Despite the colonists' talks with Britain, nothing changed, and the people of the colonies moved towards independence. Should opposition in Port Moresby become entrenched, it could result in disgruntled locals unilaterally declaring independence, as they tried more than once before. People waving Spanish flags from the Casa Batllo in Barcelona during an anti-independence rally. John Momis and Peter O'Neill sign the joint statement (Joseph Nobetau) KEITH JACKSON. No, it could take years, if it comes at all. those who want to participate in pom rally, contact me on the above number as well. Why do so many Scots say they plan to vote for independence, despite economists warning against fragmentation?The WorldPost has compiled a list of five reasons below explaining why Scots may want to break away from the U.K. The referendum received worldwide attention, including in New Zealand, which has been heavily invested in the region through its long-term peacekeeping efforts. Although geographically part of the Solomon Islands, it became part of German New Guinea at the end of the 19th century under an agreement with the British, who created their own protectorate in the rest of the Solomons chain. Moreover it was bought by the blood of more than 20,000 of Bougainville’s heroes who sacrificed their lives during the bloody war in Bougainville. Picture by Azerifactory (CC BY-SA 4.0) Scotland and Northern Ireland are going for it; Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon wants a second independence referendum before 2021, and a new poll suggests Scotland will vote for it if Boris Johnson becomes Prime Minister.. URLs automatically linked. Bougainville Votes for Independence From Papua New Guinea By Associated Press. Will the new composition of the ABG win the people’s trust? After a historic referendum with 98% of votes in favor of independence, the islands of Bougainville are looking to leave Papua New Guinea and form a nation of their own. What will they do? The referendum and the current elections provide a snapshot of what is a unique development in the Pacific and which has implications for other, similar regions; for example, New Caledonia and Chuuk, and their upcoming referenda for independence. Bougainville votes on independence from Papua New Guinea . In 1975 it declared Unilateral Declaration for Independence on September First 1975 just 15 days away from Papua New Guinea's Independence on September 16th 1975. View an alternate. Why are the most Scots now in favour of independence? That is understandable under the circumstances. ), (Name and email address are required. Please enable JavaScript if you would like to comment on this blog. This prevents automated programs from posting comments. Keith takes a ‘whisper ballot’ from a voter at PNG’s first democratic election, February 1964, The PNG Attitude story - Fighting for a Voice: Phil Fitzpatrick, Man Bilong Buk (The Bookman): Keith Jackson & Phil Fitzpatrick, I Can See My Country Clearly Now: Daniel Kumbon, Loss of an outstanding leader: Sir Mek dies at 74, Past times: International Training Institute. The former German colony could become the world's newest nation if the vote passes. Date Originally Written: March 26, 2016. But many locals complain that provincial legislature lacks the authority and funding for any real self-governance. The English are convinced that the reason the Scottish want independence is an abiding, unnecessary and frankly hurtful hatred of them. As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. Social work walks the bridge between private troubles and economically generated suffering. CANBERRA - Nearly two decades after a bloody civil war ended, Papua New Guinea’s province of Bougainville is finally getting its promised referendum on independence. | The people of Bougainville have long claimed ethnic and cultural differences with people from the PNG mainland, about 900 kilometers to the west, and secessionist sentiment goes back more than a century. Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University Of Wellington. The colonists wanted to be independent because they were tired of the British authorities raising taxes on the colonies while not allowing the colonists to have an equal representation in Parliament or allowing colonists to have the same rights as British subjects. Voters cast their ballots wearing the Upe traditional headdress in Bougainville. A decade-long civil war in the 1990s, often referred to as the ‘Bougainville crisis’ (those familiar with the Lloyd Jones novel Mr Pip will recognise the setting) devastated the region. Why has Scottish opinion shifted in favour of breaking-up the UK at a time when the UK Treasury is pumping billions into Scotland' As New Zealand moves from crisis to recovery mode the need to support local industry has been brought into sharp relief. Advertising. It begun well before PNG gained its independence. However, access to medicine, better international relations, the problem of economic dependency, exports/imports, international travel and biosecurity, are all on the agenda and largely come down to resourcing and the need for more of it. In October 2018, the question that would be posed in the referendum was made official, giving voters the choice between greater autonomy or independence, with no option to maintain the status quo. Bougainville is now in the middle of yet another period of voting: this time for the next Autonomous Bougainville Government, including the position of president. Fear of instigating further secession is one of the reasons why the PNG government may be reluctant to grant independence for Bougainville. How this recipe translates when it is digested by the PNG political process has yet to be seen. The islands have a population of around 300,000, and 206,731 people enrolled to vote in the referendum. A vaccinated Aotearoa of late 2021 may look a bit like pre-pandemic NZ. It’s been easy for the world to forget the accomplishments of the December referendum, particularly in a time when nearly all attention has shifted to the global Covid-19 pandemic (a factor which itself has threatened to disrupt the elections). International pressure helped these South Pacific islands move toward statehood . However, it’s not typical for independent states to emerge (or decay) overnight. Flying back to Bougainville in late 1999, I had no real idea what to expect. Marape, who came to power in May, has been more conciliatory than his predecessor, Peter O’Neill, who had held up funding for the referendum and signalled his government would be loathe to ratify any vote. If a majority votes for independence, representatives from the national and regional governments are to hold consultations that could result in draft legislation for Bougainville to secede. The result is expected to be a clear signal that a majority want to establish a new nation. Wanting to have their own form of government without having to be commanded by the royalty and Spanish government. And there’s no shortage of potential leaders as the ballot includes 25 candidates for president, all from a range of backgrounds, not to mention 440 candidates running for only 40 parliamentary seats. By Neil Irwin. That agreement promised a non-binding referendum on possible independence, which was held last year. Will they get it? So, my concern is just after the raw data is given to the PNG government. And while polling stations were made available in a great number of wards, travel to the polls was not always convenient, particularly for those who live in rural villages and in regions largely cut off from the more urban centres, where travel is on foot and along unsealed roads. Settled around 30,000 years ago, its name today comes from its first Western visitor, the French explorer Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, who arrived in 1768 (the flowering vine Bougainvillea is also named after him). Instability in one of the South Pacific’s largest economies wouldn’t be in the best interests of an often impoverished region. Question & questions for Bougainville independence referendum 14 October 2018. Independence for Bougainville could embolden other remote provinces to seek to cut ties. Pro-independence officials such as Dennis Kuiai and James Tanis say they expect an overwhelming vote for independence; a Lowy Institute report in October estimated “perhaps three quarters or more.”. The conflict in Bougainville and the desire of Bougainvillean people for independence is rooted in the historic plunder of the resource-rich island that has large deposits of copper and the unequal distribution of wealth that followed. Catalonia, which is Spain’s richest region, has a distinct cultural heritage and language. Nearly two decades after a bloody civil war ended, Papua New Guinea ’s province of Bougainville in the South Pacific is a step closer to independence after a … bougainville is the largest island of the png chain of islands it is geographically part of the solomon islands archipelago and used to be known as the republic of north solomons it has a population of around 250000 people bougainvilleans started a fight to achieve their independence in the 1960s this was a decade before papua new guinea was granted independence in 1975 bougainville was declared part of … Date Originally Published: May 4, 2017. fight on now as refrendum results does not determine the political status of bougainville. Subscribe now to start a free 28-day trial. Australia began administrating Bougainville after World War I and (except for a brief Japanese occupation during World War II) played a role until PNG achieved independence in 1975. Comments are moderated and will not appear until approved by the author. The voter turnout was significant, with 87.6 percent of the population of eligible voters (a total of 206,731) making it to the polls. Nearly 2.2 million Catalans voted in the October 1 referendum to decide whether Catalonia wanted independence, but Spanish leaders continue to block momentum. Starting tomorrow (23 November), people will have two weeks to vote either for greater autonomy, or for independence. The long-awaited Bougainville independence referendum, … Nogut oli bin opim mumu hariap na kaikai pik kwiktaim. As Bougainville prepares for a referendum on independence, Australia must navigate a policy response that acknowledges the history of conflict and colonialism there, Bougainville nationalism, PNG sensitivities, the principles of the guiding Bougainville Peace Agreement and new geostrategic realities to help forge a lasting solution. 25 November 2019 at 09:15 AM. Nevertheless, the landslide victory will put pressure on PNG to grant Bougainville independence. Posted in Bougainville | Permalink The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (2) _____ for independence in a referendum. Guess which one might succeed. For Tongan Language Week, Dr Melenaite Taumoefolau explains ‘voluntary language shift’ and what that means for the Tongan language in Aotearoa. Everybody wants a warm, dry, quiet, sunny home, right? The people of Bougainville have long claimed ethnic and cultural differences with people from the PNG mainland, about 900 kilometers to the west, and secessionist sentiment goes back more than a century. Email address will not be displayed with the comment.). Bougainville, an autonomous region in eastern Papua New Guinea, could soon vote for independence in a historic referendum that is currently underway. It was our forefathers dream. Nevertheless, the landslide victory will put pressure on PNG to grant Bougainville independence. However, the most crucial time for the development of Bougainville’s future is now, as the makeup of the ABG will be the most significant factor in determining the region’s fate. Question & questions for Bougainville independence referendum 14 October 2018. The war was brought to a close by a peace agreement, which Mr Toroama signed. John Momis and Peter O'Neill sign the joint statement (Joseph Nobetau) KEITH JACKSON. Yet, indicative of his preference that Bougainville remain a part of the PNG nation, Marape asked Bougainvilleans to consider a “middle” or “third” way focused on “economic independence” that responds to their desire for self-rule, yet falls short of full independence. Education remains at the top of the wishlist as many Bougainvilleans struggle to pay costly school fees, as well as a desire for a system where local languages can be taught. A non-binding independence referendum was held in Bougainville, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea, between 23 November and 7 December 2019.The referendum question was a choice between greater autonomy within Papua New Guinea and full independence; voters voted overwhelmingly (98.31%) for independence. But why does the region want to break away from the rest of Spain? It could also mean the redevelopment of the Panguna mine, one of the world’s largest resources of copper, is delayed indefinitely. Citizens living abroad can mail in their ballot. It’s Culture vs. Economics. If you can help us, please click the button to ensure we can continue to provide quality independent journalism you can trust. Paul Oates | It also would jeopardize attempts to attract much-needed foreign investment and aid, including from China. Auffällig ist die besonders dunkle, fast schwarze Hautfarbe vieler Bougainvilleer. Bougainville, an autonomous region in eastern Papua New Guinea, could soon vote for independence in a historic referendum that is currently underway. Update on the Bougainville Independence Process As we discussed in our Bougainville referendum explainer article last year, a YES vote in the referendum was never intended to result in immediate independence. A group of islands comprising a semi-autonomous region that is part of Papua New Guinea. All in all, you … On February 17, 2008, the Kosovo Assembly unanimously (109 members present) voted to declare independence from Serbia. Spain is going through a crisis: the region of Catalonia wants to separate itself from Spain. Yes, Bougainville has already fought for independence. Your comment could not be posted. People will be asked whether they want full independence from PNG or greater autonomy within PNG. As our journalists work to ask the hard questions about our recovery, we also look to you, our readers for support. They also do not want to pay taxes. Bougainville is an Autonomous Region within the independent Nation of Papua New Guinea. Bougainville has a long history of trying to breakaway from Papua New Guinea since the 1970's. Why do Catalans want independence? The high turnout suggests a determined population and one that has had to wait decades for this opportunity to vote. Last December the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, an area in Papua New Guinea (PNG), voted in a referendum for independence, a move motivated by a history of violence and conflict. Please try again. Cuban Independence Movement, nationalist uprising in Cuba against Spanish rule. it is the national parliment that will decide whether or not bougainville get indepednence. Voters backing Bougainville's independence from Papua New Guinea have won a landslide referendum victory, according to results released Wednesday -- a major step toward the troubled isles becoming the world's newest nation. Initial feedback on the voting indicates a clear trend towards a desire for Independence from PNG. our legal team will challenge the legality and constitutionality of bougainville independence . [2] Verwaltungssitz der Insel ist Buka. Bougainville immediately declared independence, but failed to achieve any recognition, and had to be governed by Papua New Guinea. Scottish independence rally 2018. Relations rapidly deteriorated afterwards, leading to a civil war. Bougainville’s struggle for Independence is not a new thing that was just popped in during 1989. Bougainville’s fate is a microcosm of similar struggles all over the world. A decade-long civil war ensured that claimed as many as 20,000 lives. Almost 98 per cent voted to seek independence. National Security Situation: Independence options for Bougainville Island, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea (PNG). The PNG government attempted to resolve the situation through June and July, but failed. Australia could soon have a new nation right on its doorstep, as the people of Bougainville start to cast their votes in a referendum on whether they should seek independence … But it could be a microbially more dangerous place for some, writes Nicholas Agar. Diplomat Brief Weekly Newsletter The Interim Provincial Government announced that they would declare independence on 1 September, ahead of Papua New Guinea's own planned independence day of 16 September. Catalonia, which is Spain’s richest region, has a distinct cultural heritage and language. Last December the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, an area in Papua New Guinea (PNG), voted in a referendum for independence, a move motivated by a history of violence and conflict. Dr Helen Petousis-Harris answers some questions about why the pause button has been hit on late-stage vaccine trials, arguing it’s an appropriate and safe response. Bougainville’s moment of reckoning has almost arrived: the question of independence is to be put to a referendum over two weeks from November 23. The University of Auckland's Jason Brown explains why it's worth watching with interest. so if you want to be part of the team that will participate and lead in provincial rally to petition our respective governors and mps, contact me on mobile: 79716618 to show your interest. Guess which one might succeed. Bougainville will head to the polls tomorrow to decide whether the region will seek independence from Papua New Guinea and become the world’s newest country, in … * First and most importantly they don't actually want independence. Why does Catalonia want independence? My concern is if the PNG government don’t grant us independence, then I think another fight might happen. If they go for more autonomy, prime minister James Marape has indicated he may be willing to consider providing more economic independence, including re-opening the Panguna mine. Bihain bai bel bilo em igat pen ikamap olsem. Australia’s diplomatic push into Bougainville coincides with a referendum on independence and calls to reopen the mine that was closed by bloodshed They want us to be separated from the PNG government. The proposed new central regulator for ‘Three Waters’ should at least provide more certainty and better solutions for rural water supplies. Update on the Bougainville Independence Process As we discussed in our Bougainville referendum explainer article last year, a YES vote in the referendum was never intended to result in immediate independence. Why does Catalonia want independence? It began with the unsuccessful Ten Years’ War (1868–78), continued with the Cuban War of Independence (begun in 1895), and culminated in the U.S. intervention (the Spanish-American War) that ended the Spanish colonial presence. But the bill would have to pass the national parliament in Port Moresby, the PNG capital, where there has been significant opposition. In der Provinz Bougainville lebten im Jahr 2011 249.358 Einwohner, was einer Bevölkerungsdichte von knapp 28 Menschen auf den Quadratkilometer entspricht. Port Moresby, having kicked the political-diplomatic can about as far down the road as it could go, still wants Bougainville to remain part of PNG, but by most analyses has squandered the past 18 years rather than building support for this position. Die verschiedenen Bev… The referendum concluded on December 7, 2019, and a final vote count was announced four days later. The rebellion ended in 2001 with a peace agreement that included the creation of the nation’s only provincial legislature, the Autonomous Bougainville Government -- and a promise of a referendum. Comments are moderated, and will not appear until the author has approved them. let this great light continue to light and shine in png. The conflict was originally with PNG, but fighting spread amongst different local factions and the December referendum was a condition imposed by the Bougainville Peace Agreement of 2001, where voters were asked whether they wanted more autonomy or independence. The English are convinced that the reason the Scottish want independence is an abiding, unnecessary and frankly hurtful hatred of them. Technology progresses at such a fast pace. Currently, discussions about independence and structure of an interim government are being led by various groups (such as the Bougainville Indigenous Dialogue), as well as representatives from different districts. Its lead up was closely observed, both by international peacekeepers, and by the press, with many claiming Bougainville could be the next ‘new nation’. The results are astonishing: 98.3 percent voted for independence (1.7 percent voted for more autonomy). Peru - Peru - Achievement of independence: The Napoleonic invasion of Spain in 1808 sparked the Creoles (those of European descent born in America) in other Spanish colonies to struggle for independence between 1810 and 1821. 60 or so secessionist movements around the world want independence in 2020. Read and post comments with a Newsroom Pro subscription. Bougainville has voted to become a new country, but its journey to independence is far from over. TVictoria University of Wellington PhD student Germán Molina Larrain is helping to make that a reality for as many Kiwis as possible. independence does not mean that you can simply rely on your smart phone to solve all of your problems. A pro-independence movement lobbied the United Nations during the PNG’s formation but didn’t grab the world’s attention until 1988, when protests against the Australian-owned Panguna copper mine turned violent. Error type: Your comment has been saved. As Bougainville prepares for a referendum on independence, Australia must navigate a policy response that acknowledges the history of conflict and colonialism there, Bougainville nationalism, PNG sensitivities, the principles of the guiding Bougainville Peace Agreement and new geostrategic realities to help forge a lasting solution. You must have intellect and personal power in order to make use of technology and allow it to meet your needs. The election ran from August 12 to September 1, and the ballot counting is now set to conclude on September 24. 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