The period of great tribulation will feature not only a time of trouble for Israel, but will be a period in which divine wrath is expressed on the earth. For any Jewish maiden who accepted the Old Testament prophecy concerning the future of Israel and entertained the hope of a coming Messiah, would hardly question that the prophecy given by the angel would be interpreted literally, that is, she would understand by the throne of David an earthly throne such as David enjoyed in his lifetime. In this fine point is an illustration not only of the literalness of the prophecy, but of God’s intention to cut off Solomon’s line at the time of the captivity of Judah embodied in the declarations in Jeremiah 22:20 and 36:30. Inasmuch as this would be the normal and natural understanding on the part of Mary in such a prophecy, it is almost unthinkable that God would have used this terminology if as a matter of fact the hope of Israel was a mistake and the prophecies given in the Old Testament were not intended to be understood literally. That Kingdom lived out through your life will begin to influence your family, other relationships, your choices, and your entire life. This is the meaning of the promise that David’s house would continue forever. There is no analog to His Kingdom authority. Professor of Old Testament The Master’s Seminary God’s kingdom program is a major theme of both the Old Testament and New Testament. Further light will be cast upon this passage in the study of the New Testament confirmation. In those days, and at that time, will I cause a Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. This is another strong confirmation that the literal interpretation of the Davidic covenant was intended. In verses 24 and 25 Ezekiel writes: “And my servant David shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in mine ordinances, and observe my statutes, and do them. By way of preliminary definition, it would seem only natural to assume that by the term throne was meant the political rule of David over Israel. Amos 9:14 reads as follows: “And I will bring back the captivity of my people Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them.” In other words, the kingdom concerns itself with the rule over the people of Israel in their ancient land which will be characterized by revival and restoration, exactly what we would expect by the reference to rebuilding the tent of David. This of course is not a contradiction of the fulfillment of the Davidic covenant, but is a part of the same picture. Jesus Christ was declaring the unparalleled rule and reign of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit had appeared unto Man through the promised Messiah. Luke 11:20 But if I drive out demons by the finger of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. Though invisible, as it is worked through into all of the dough, the bread dough is changed. At the end of the millennial reign of Christ, Satan is loosed and divine judgment overtakes any born in the millennium who rebels against Christ, who are Jewish and Gentile unbelievers. or, lo there! Donald A. Hagner, Rev. When the Lord Jesus spoke of the Kingdom of God being compared to a mustard seed that is the smallest of seeds that grows to a comparatively giant size, His listeners would have understood the folksy simile. The context of Jesus’ statement is a question put to Him by His Pharisee detractors who had asked when the kingdom of God would come (verse 20). “Thy Kingdom come . “The Lord reigns; let the earth rejoice; let the many coastlands be glad! To her it could mean only one thing and that is the descendants of Jacob, namely, the twelve tribes of Israel. If his children forsake my law, and walk not in mine ordinances; if they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. When Our Savior taught that the Kingdom of God was like leaven that leavens the whole lump of dough, He used a daily experience of every person listening to demonstrate an incomparable dynamic. It should better be referred to as the Hebrew Scriptures, because there is more than the old covenant (i.e. George Eldon Ladd, A Theology of the New Testament, ed. His rule is marked off by certain events which occur before and certain events which follow His millennial reign. Such a situation does not prevail in this present age and is not related here or elsewhere to the reign of Christ from the throne of His Father in heaven. Just like Adam’s dominion over the world, God’s promise that Israel would be a blessing to the nations (Gen 12:1-3) does not materialize in the Old Testament either. It is a fact that the Jewish nation, still in unbelief, survivor of all others, alone retains its national identity…It is a fact that the promise of a land (the territorial limits of which were defined) to the posterity of Abraham, as also the promise of a son of David’s own line to occupy David’s throne for ever, were unconditional promises, ratified by covenant and oath. It was difficult for the Jews to understand that for the time being the Gentiles should have a place of equality with Israel, in view of the many prophecies in the Old Testament which anticipated Israel’s pre-eminence and glory. David who is raised from the dead along with Old Testament saints has a part in the government of the people of Israel. 28:5). Only those who pass the searching judgment of Christ are allowed to enter into the millennial period. Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God is near.' (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1993), 118. Ezekiel 37:22-25 indicates that Israel in that future day will have one king over them and will be a people of God. In any case, Christ did not tell her that her request was out of bounds because there was to be no earthly rule. Amillenarians, however, have countered this evidence by their assertion that the New Testament interprets these predictions as being fulfilled in the present age. The sign of entrance into the Kingdom, baptism, and the sign of spiritual nourishment in the Kingdom, the Eucharist or Lord’s Supper, signify not only God in you, but Christ in the world. 4:4-7), 3. In this and other Old Testament references there is no allusion anywhere to the idea that these promises are to be understood in a spiritualized sense as referring to the church or to a reign of God in heaven. God’s Kingdom on earth Old Testament prophets, while under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, wrote about the Kingdom of God being established on earth (2 Peter 1:20-21). As far as the Old Testament narrative is concerned, the prophets are clear in these multiplied passages that God anticipated a literal fulfillment of His promise to David. (3) Both David and Solomon apparently understood it to be literal (II Samuel 7:18-29; II Chronicles 6:14-16). The kingdom has come in fulfillment of the Old Testament promises. This anticipates that the regathering of Israel, begun in the twentieth century, will be continued. The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB), sometimes as the English version of 1611, or simply the Authorized Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, commissioned in 1604 and completed as well as published in 1611 under the sponsorship of James VI and I. A similar confirmation is found in Jeremiah 33:14-17 where the same particulars are spelled out in detail. Part of these promises were fulfilled in Solomon in that Solomon was later born and ultimately built the temple. Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. Therefore fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith Jehovah; neither be dismayed, O Israel: for, lo, I will save thee from afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and shall be quiet and at ease, and none shall make him afraid.” As in other passages, the fulfillment of the Davidic covenant is linked with the return of Israel to the land following their time of Jacob’s trouble, as indicated in the preceding context. We are entering into Kingdom business. the Mosaic Law) in the Hebrew Scriptures. He is the President of Faith for Living and the D. James Kennedy Institute a long-time Presbyterian minister, and Chaplain (Colonel) USA-R. Dr. Milton is the author of more than thirty books and a musician with five albums released. Jesus said, “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.”. In this connection she is told that Christ will reign on the throne of His father David over the house of Jacob. Rather, it is linked to the earth and to the seed of Israel, and to the land. The assertion of amillenarians that the Davidic throne is simply a reference to God’s throne in heaven is not supported by either the Old or the New Testament prophecies relating to the future of Israel. One of these is in the birth of Christ Himself who literally fulfilled many promises pertaining to David’s seed. According to Hosea 3:4, 5, written long before the Babylonian captivity, it was predicted: “For the children of Israel shall abide many days without king, and without prince, and without sacrifice, and without pillar, and without ephod or teraphim: afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek Jehovah their God, and David their king, and shall come with fear unto Jehovah and to his goodness in the latter days.” According to this passage, therefore, it can be assumed that God, while permitting the throne to be empty, nevertheless assured it to David and his seed prophesying Israel would return to the Lord, i.e., in the future millennial kingdom and resurrected David would be their king. It would seem that the promises are simple and direct that David’s posterity should continue forever and that his political kingdom would not end. God's kingly rule or sovereignty. While obviously the premillennial system of interpretation has much more detail than the amillennial denial, and even though there are countless minor problems, the major elements of the premillennial system have seemed quite cogent to thousands of careful Bible students and scholars. "Old Testament," in fact, is an unfortunate and misleading name for that part of the Bible. (10) Literal fulfillment is necessary to preserve the Divine unity of purpose” (cf., Millennial Kingdom, by the writer, p. 199). And thy house and thy kingdom shall be made sure for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.”. Before turning, therefore, to some of the theological arguments in support of an eschatology for Israel, some of the New Testament evidence should be examined. John Milton, Paradise Regained, (London: Baskerville, 1758). John F. Walvoord, long-time president of Dallas Theological Seminary, was one of the most prominent evangelical scholars of his generation. Christ's office as mediator comprehends three different "functions, viz., those of a prophet, priest, and king. The earliest example of the title king being used of God is in the 8th century B.C., These two verses nicely encapsulate Daniel’s vision of an end-time “son of man” who will defeat all the enemies of God and of His people. Charles H. Dodd, The Parables of the Kingdom (Glasgow: Collins, 1978). The beastly powers of this present evil age not only resist the rule of Jehovah, but actively conspire to undo His dominion. Rather He replied: “It is not for you to know the times or seasons, which the Father hath set within his own authority.” By so much, He was affirming that the kingdom would be fulfilled, but that the time was not for them to know. The victory of Jesus Christ has set the Church and the cosmos on an undeniable trajectory in which earthly kingdoms, powers, dominions, and opposition forces will also be enfolded, willingly or unwillingly, into the rule of the Lord. 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