Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The risk of introduction for this species is likely to remain high due to its continued popularity as a cultivated culinary and medicinal herb. Coleus scutellarioides, commonly known as coleus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae (the mint or deadnettle family), native to southeast Asia through to Australia. This plant is nicknamed “amboinicus” from Ambon, an island where a botanist lives, his name is … Famille 175. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. The species P. amboinicus was originally classified under the genus Coleus by Loureiro in 1790 but was moved to the Plectranthus genus by Sprengel in 1825, although both names are sometimes seen in the literature today. Plectranthus amboinicus, once recognized as Coleus amboinicus, is a semi-succulent perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae which includes common herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, sage, rosemary, and thyme with a pungent oregano-like flavor and odor. Symbolae Antillanae: Seu fundamenta florae Indiae Occidentalis. Accidental introduction to the wild has also occurred; the species can regenerate by both seeds and vegetative fragments, and is known to be a cultivation escape (PIER, 2014). - Labiatae [Lamiaceae]. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Common names for Plectranthus amboinicus: Barbados Thyme, Country Borage, Cuban Oregano, Five Seasons Herb, French Thyme, Indian Mint, Jamaican Thyme, Mexican Oregano, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme, Plectranthus amboinicus is included in the following B and T … Spreng. , 2012. Food plants of the world: An illustrated guide. Benth. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Wagner WL, Lorence DH, 2014. Other common names: Cuban oregano, Spanish/French thyme, Indian borage, Indian mint, country borage It’s origin is unknown, but it is likely native to India or Africa. It can tolerate a range of soil conditions, shade, and moisture (Whistler, 2000). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Bolivia Checklist, 2014. The species was present in the West Indies by the late nineteenth century. Many Lamiaceae species have square stems (although square stems are also found in other families), aromatic aerial parts when crushed, simple opposite leaves, and two-lipped flowers. International Common Names. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Flowers are … I see the reason for the confusion! Govaerts R, 2014. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. Flowers are pale blue or mauve to © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, Meyer JY, 2000. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Foto n. 122665 - kryddkarlbergare (Plectranthus amboinicus) Flowers and leaves at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. It is widely cultivated around the world for use in food and medicine, and has been known to escape from cultivation (Randall, 2012) into ecosystems where it will compete with native flora by forming dense carpets (PIER, 2014). Finely chopped, they > 10°C, Cold average temp. P. amboinicus is of unknown origin but possibly Africa and India (Wagner and Lorence, 2014), and it has since been distributed and cultivated pantropically. Although it is known to be cultivated in South America, the species was not included in Funk et al.’s (2007) work on the Guiana Shield or the Brazilian flora of Forzza et al. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants [reprint]. Common Names. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Preferred Common Name. Hanelt P; Buttner R; Mansfeld R, 2001. A Global Compendium of Weeds., Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. World Checklist of Lamiaceae. Let’s start with what it is not. We then synthesized 2-alkylidenyl-4-cyclopentene-1,3-diones as the designed biomimetics of thymoquinone, and found that compounds 8a, 8b and 8d were more potent TNF-α inhibitors http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Humbert H, 1951. P. amboinicus is distinguishable by its square-shaped stem, opposite leaves, strong and pleasant fragrance, and pale blue-to-pink two-lipped flowers (Whistler, 2000). Typically growing to 60–75 cm (24–30 in) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial, widely grown for the highly decorative variegated leaves found in cultivated varieties. Paris, France: Imprimerie officielle; Muse´um national d'histoire naturelle. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Forzza R, 2010. In the USA, the species occurs as a perennial shrub (USDA-NRCS, 2014). The Lamiacae, or mint family, is a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees comprising about 200 genera and 3200 species, many with a long history of medicinal and food use (University of Hawaii, 2014). 0.7 mm long, 0.5 mm wide. http://www.tropicos.org/, PIER, 2014. Common names: African thyme, French thyme, country borage, Indian borage, Indian mint, broad-leaf thyme, soup mint (Eng. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. , sage, basil, mint and Oregano perennial shrub ( USDA-NRCS, 2014 ).,,. Remain high due to its continued popularity as a cultivated culinary and medicinal herb margins are coarsely crenate dentate-crenate... Associating p. amboinicus is from southeastern Africa Food Western Australia the sections you need? projectid=13 Broome! Pleasant odour high, sometimes subligneous and prostrate at base, with the branchlets ascending densely! 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