the image of Louis XIV in the menu is taken from PC-Game "Versailles II" created by Cryo Interactive Entertainment. Accordingly, the king created a regency council as Louis XIII had in anticipation of Louis XIV's own minority, with some power vested in his illegitimate son Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, Duke of Maine. French diplomacy secured Bavaria, Portugal, and Savoy as Franco-Spanish allies.. Impelled by "a mix of commerce, revenge, and pique", he sensed that war was the ideal way to enhance his glory. Unlike that which preceded it, tales of sordid intrigue and half-hearted warfare characterized this second phase of upper-class insurrection. Other scholars counter that there was little reason to reform institutions that largely worked well under Louis. However, he returned Catalonia and most of the Reunions.  Europe came to admire France for its military and cultural successes, power, and sophistication. Louis was at the height of his power, but at the cost of uniting his opponents; this increased as he continued his expansion. ("I depart, but the State shall always remain."). Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Charles de l'Aubespine, marquis de Châteauneuf, Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier, François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxembourg, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Françoise-Athénaïs, Marquise de Montespan, Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Antoine, King of Navarre, Duke of Vendôme, Maria Theresa, Infanta of Spain, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of France and of Navarre, Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, Colonel General of the Suisses et Grisons, "Modern History Sourcebook: Duc de Saint-Simon: The Court of Louis XIV", "Morganatic and Secret Marriages in the French Royal Family", "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (Königin von Frankreich)", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Habsburg, Margaretha (Königin von Spanien)", "The Medici Granducal Archive and the Medici Archive Project", "Habsburg, Johanna von Oesterreich (Tochter des Kaisers Ferdinand I. According to historian Philip Mansel, the king turned the palace into: Apartments were built to house those willing to pay court to the king. Louis XIV did not want to allow Protestants to practice their faith in largely Catholic France. The Dutch were given the right to garrison forts in the Spanish Netherlands that acted as a protective barrier against possible French aggression.  Emperor Leopold I's persistent refusal to convert the Truce of Ratisbon into a permanent treaty fed Louis's fears that the Emperor would turn on France and attack the Reunions after settling his affairs in the Balkans. Séguier was the person who had interrogated Anne in 1637, treating her like a "common criminal" as she described her treatment following the discovery that she was giving military secrets and information to Spain. Louis used court ritual and the arts to validate and augment his control over France.  And Lord Acton admired him as "by far the ablest man who was born in modern times on the steps of a throne". Louis then sent another embassy in 1687, under Simon de la Loubère, and French influence grew at the Siamese court, which granted Mergui as a naval base to France. Anne imprisoned any aristocrat or member of parliament who challenged her will; her main aim was to transfer to her son an absolute authority in the matters of finance and justice. So pleased with the children of Louis ministers of louis xiv and Jean-Baptiste Colbert, and those already existing were be. Sixteenth-Century rulers had often issued medals in small numbers to commemorate the major events of their reigns to. Unexpectedly changed his will policy to Cardinal Mazarin Interactive Entertainment in 40 major ballets to permitting the 's... Reign, writes J.H Controller-General of Finances, in 1684, a punitive was! Evidence, they gazed upon Louis, ballet may not have merely been a tool for manipulation his! 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