He offered to build Mills two new ships on favourable terms and to interest friends in investing in the company. The Pacific Coast Steamship Company (PCSC) was founded in September 1882 under the name Pacific Steamship Company. Until the 'fifties' Aucklanders or Wellingtonians would have been on the look out for the trans-Tasman stalwarts Maunganui or Monowai, bringing mail, foreign papers, passengers and gossip. Perhaps the most lasting image, though, will be of the majestic new Wellington-Lyttelton ferry Wahine, foundering inside Wellington Harbour on 10 April 1968 with the loss of 51 lives. The new owners broke with tradition, prefixing their ships with the name Union. Few of these hapless folk found much 'colour', but that was not the point. Many of us had a far more immediate connection with the company. Evening Star Office ( top right ) detail from Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand :View of Dunedin from Waverly Bay [and views of Dunedin buildings]. Rumours about Britain's inability to compete with the United States and Japan unsettled many British businesses. They also introduced a stylised red 'U' logo that vied for ugliness with the pulsating cartoon tongue of a contemporary TV pop show, 'The Grunt Machine'. The company operated a fleet of ships along the Pacific Coast until the late 1930's. China Union Lines, Ltd., Petitioner, V. States Steamship Company. Nothing was done at first but in the 1930s new Union Company managing-director, Norrie Falla, took the company into air transport. In the meantime the company concentrated on plugging the gaps caused by wartime losses. Coach fares were steep in late Victorian New Zealand and the roads appalling, so it is not surprising that 'Wanderer' advised that 'very many persons prefer the sea routes. This item is available as a high resolution download. Formed in 1901 by U.S. Steel Corporation, the Pittsburgh Steamship Company became the largest commercial fleet in the world and assumed a dominant role in Great Lakes shipping and the American steel industry. . In January 1908 the company's freighter Koonya earned a footnote in Antarctic history by towing Shackleton's Nimrod from … Sports teams and school parties saved up and took express train/steamer trips from southern towns for visits to the capital. The Awatea was not replaced and although the liner Monowai was expensively refitted for peacetime service, passengers were switching from ships to aircraft. The company operated a fleet of ships along the Pacific Coast until the late 1930's. Cash On Delivery! It was incorporated again in 1897 and assumed operation February 1, 1898. It can be used commercially. The British Columbia Archival Information Network. A computerized database of these and many other sources is currently being compiled. ... and other general material relating to the mining industry. Just as ironically, they did it hauling coal, the industrial revolution-era fuel that had once put the steam in the Union Steam Ship Company. Monochromatic glass-plate negative from the studio of Louis James Pesha depicting the port side of the Inland Lines freighter GLENELLAH, under steam. Earlier in the century Union had used New Zealand's weak company legislation to artificially deflate profits and to build up hefty secret reserves by depreciating its assets at a very high rate. Photographs depict Union Steamship Company vessels, personnel, facilities, resort … Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, Local 536 (Paducah, Ky.) records, 1916-1924 (L2007-03) Robert W. Smith collection of Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Express, and Station Employes membership cards, 1941-1969 (L2008-15) Amalgamated Transit Union, Division 732 records, 1919-1981 (L1982-02) This splendid liner had been inspired by fear of American intentions in the Pacific. Negative, glass-plate. Shipping companies equipped their ships with badged china of different quality and design according to its use in the ship. Also surviving is the Dunedin office of the Union Steam Ship Company used after the company shifted its headquarters to Wellington. Chartering was more common than owning, but in 1976/77 the company introduced the mainstays of its 'trans-Tasman bridge', the BT class quarter-ramp RO-RO ships Union Rotorua and Union Rotoiti. In 'More Tramps Abroad', Twain savaged the Union Company. Many famous U.S.S.Co. 1585-003: Alaska Steamship Company records, 1965; Names and Subjects DIC ( bottom right ) detail from Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand :View of Dunedin from Waverly Bay [and views of Dunedin buildings]. But not quite, for the company had made a belated return to its origins. By 1875 the Union Steam Ship Company had 32 vessels, and by 1913 the fleet had grown to 75. New Zealand Company: 1838-53. Denny made a habit of investing in shipping lines around the world and liked both Mills and his plans. 48 pp with 87 b/w photos. Less fortunate were the even more revolutionary 1976 Bass Strait gas turbine RO-ROs Seaway Prince and Seaway Princess. After 1900 it mopped up virtually all the rest, taking secret controlling interests in the Anchor Shipping and Foundry Company, Canterbury Steam Shipping, Richardson & Company and the Holm Shipping Company, amongst others. Quantity: 1 b&w original negative(s). John Edmond ( top centre ) detail from Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand :View of Dunedin from Waverly Bay [and views of Dunedin buildings]. Public enterprise had triumphed over private. Shows a view of Dunedin from Waverly Bay in the centre. Inspired by Arthur Anderson, (a founder of P&O), the Union Steamship Co. was the older company founded in 1853 as the Union Steam Collier to carry coal from South Wales to meet the growing demand in Southampton. And so ended the Union Company's involvement in the Tasman trade. There were plenty of them. Union-Castle Line Passenger Lists 1911-1955. File print and colour transparency available in Ephemera Room. When it switched the big freighter Union Aotearoa from the South East Asian run to meet a Tasman peak, it turned its back on a trade that was poised to become very important to New Zealand. From the 1960s the company introduced new ships with deck cranes and then roll-on, roll-off ships (RO-ROs). These ships were big (about 4,000 tons) and fast  (over 20 knots), making them strategic assets during both world wars. For about half of its existence the Union Company was the largest private employer in the country. In 1924 the big 17,491-ton Vancouver liner Aorangi was briefly the world's largest motor passenger liner. Many more, the officers, seafarers or the firemen and the trimmers that had to be plucked from wharf side pubs just ahead of sailing time, did not. Supplement of the "Dunedin Star", April 10th, 1893. L 175ft, beam 23ft, depth of hold 11ft 4". Union's owner, P&O, was facing massive costs for re-equipping services to Australasia and the Far East with container ships, so the group decided to sell the Union Company and put the investment into the long-distance trades. Date: 1902 Nov Held by: The National … Shows lines as reorganized by Edward H. Harriman after the business depression of 1893. The service became daily in 1900 and ran all year from 1905. The Union Steamship Company of British Columbia was organized in Vancouver in 1889 by Captain W. Webster and John Darling, a former director and General Superintendent of the Union Steamship Company of New Zealand. 30 Day Replacement Guarantee. And find them they did in the days before accurate charts, proper lighthouses and safe harbours. The company lost two other big steamers early in the 20th century, the Waikare in the Fiordland Sounds in 1910 and Manuka off the South Otago coast in 1929, both fortunately without loss of life. The Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand Ltd continued to exist as a … Portland Electric Power Company. Union Steamship Company Jug 1 matches. 277 tons register and nearly 500 tons gross. Union Steam Ship Company records, Hocken Collections AG-292-3/1/2 Tabulated abstracts of accounts. 2011.040.228 - Negative, Glass-plate. Thousands of New Zealanders earned their livelihood with the company. 1936 Matua The Union Steam Ship Company's pocket liner and royal favourite, the Matua. The Limerick, Roscommon, Tyrone and Westmeath, were elderly, and the rights were to the less valuable West of England service, but it was a stake in the 'Home' trade. Official Number: 108351. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. In 1853 Arthur Anderson of P&O formed a steamship company for the specific purpose of transporting coal from South Wales to Southampton for use by his own vessels. Between 1879 and 1882 Dennys delivered seven new passenger-cargo ships for this route, all between 1700 and 2000 tons Rotomahana, Te Anau, Manapouri, Wairarapa, Huauroto, Tarawera and Waihora. Mills (who was knighted in 1907, the first New Zealand-born person so honoured) built his empire on safety and certainty. Content on this site may be subject to Copyright, please, A MATTER OF TRUSTS - WELLINGTON MARITIME MUSEUM, SECRET ACCOUNTING BY UNION STEAM SHIP COMPANY, ttp://www.derbysulzers.com/shipaorangi.html, contact New Zealand Ship and Marine Society. Some ships owned were the National City, Brunswick, Coquelle River, Arctic, and three named Noyo. Entered on the List is the former Union Steamship Company building in Gisborne (List No. It had a 350 h.p. Union Steamship Company of New Zealand records - Guide to Australian Business Records - The Guide to Australian Business Records is a biographical, bibliographical and archival database of Australian business entities with links to related articles and images. Unfortunately there are significant gaps, particularly amongst the cargo ships. The Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand possesses a very numerous fleet, and the larger steamers are not much inferior to ocean liners in size and accommodation', he wrote approvingly. (Unknown). Nevertheless, they were a taste of things to come and enabled the company to drop freight rates on the Tasman. 1566-001: Alaska Steamship Company records, 1917-1969 (bulk 1939-1961) Accession No. Materials in English. The P&O takeover brought short-term security at the price of virility. The fonds consists of minute books, financial records, advertising materials, newspaper clippings, schedules, a typescript history of the company by Jessie M. Van der Burg, postcards, and an extensive photograph collection. Fittingly, they did it from an old Union Company stamping ground, Westport. But long before then, Mills had lost confidence in New Zealand. 1585-002: Alaska Steamship Company records, 1950-1960; Accession No. ... the National Steamship Company was founded in June, 1901, as a subsidiary of Union Lumber Company. The Company's last years were marked by a dizzying ballet of corporate paper shuffling and acronyms. Supplement of the "Dunedin Star", April 10th, 1893. It also records retirements and obituaries, although not in the depth of detail one would wish. Those migrants were consumers and the city, briefly New Zealand's most populous, serviced their needs to build a commercial and industrial infrastructure that kept Dunedin pre-eminent in these fields for decades to come. By then the government's 'open coast' policy let international cross-traders into even the New Zealand coastal trade. When conservative governments wrecked its economics by throwing the Tasman open to international cross-traders in the mid 1990s, it had nowhere to go. ”The Record Union team is so helpful and quick in their replies. Mills used his trusteeship to personal advantage, keeping the Harbour Company fleet in service while he and his friends built up their own capital in order to buy the ships. The Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand (Union NZ) should not be confused with the Union Steam Ship Company (UK) which became part of Union-Castle Line. Union Steamship Company map. Overshadowing them all was the Awatea. Southampton: SS Gaika (The Union Castle Mail Steamship Company) travelling from Natal [Durban] to Southampton. Everyone else saw only a stream of new ships entering service, for the company's profits allowed it to rebuild at the same time as it squirreled away its reserves. 1989. For sixty years the names Maori, Wahine, Rangatira and Hinemoa were part of household vocabulary. Supplement of the "Dunedin Star", April 10th, 1893.. Ref: Eph-E-BUILDINGS-Dunedin-1893-01. They were about the same size as sailing ships that were bringing migrants all the way out from Britain. Union Steamship Company of New Zealand - Guide to Australian Business Records Corporate entry - The Guide to Australian Business Records is a biographical, bibliographical and archival database of Australian business entities with links to related articles and images. In 1915 Union added two large new ships, the 9,450-ton Leitrim and the 12,269-ton Antrim. ; Washington and Idaho Railroad Company.] And they had the latest-style, economical compound steam engines. In 1998, just a year before the company bowed out of the Tasman for good, its big quarter ramp ship Union Rotorua served as a temporary floating electricity plant, helping out Aucklanders after multiple cable failures had blacked out much of the centre of the city. Account book, Union and Mendocino Rail 1934. volume 488-493. The splendid and beautiful bronze green hulls with a yellow band, and the red and black funnels, of the many passenger liners of the Union Steamship Company … You can copy this item, share it, and post it on a blog or website. It can be modified, remixed and built upon. Laid up in 1983, they were scrapped in 1986 after just seven years trading. That was probably the verdict of most of the company's passengers between 1875 and the end of passenger services a century later. In compiling notes about Union Ships in the Photo Gallery Ian Farquhar's book UNION FLEET was used extensively. In 1876, just months after Mills got back to Dunedin, Denny negotiated a Union Company takeover of the country's biggest coastal competitor, the Wellington-based New Zealand Steam Shipping Company. This passenger and freight company was based in San Francisco. List of passengers disembarking at Cape Town and Southampton. ISBN: 0477000169 The S.S. Wanaka-Union Steamship Company vessel reached Port Chalmers from Glasgow. As 2000 drew to a close one of the world's historic shipping companies was in the final stages of itself becoming history. Like most colonial investors, he succeeded through a combination of talent, drive and access to British capital. In its time, Union ran a hotel in Fiji, owned offices and wharves in Australia, a printing works and coal business in New Zealand and a chain of branch offices that stretched throughout the South Pacific. In the same year it became the Union Steam Collier Co, but in 1854 all their five ships were taken over as transports for the Crimean War. Map of the western United States showing relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the railroad network coded by color. Arthur Anderson as a steam collier company named the Southampton Steam Shipping Co to bring coal from South Wales to Southampton for P & O. Up at the head of the harbour, amidst the spires and slate roofs of the boom city, Dunedin's merchants grew fat on servicing the 'new chums' struggling their way inland in search of gold. ; Rose City Transit Company. Mills kept the British lines out of local waters by buying the Albion Line's little coaster Taiaroa. In 1857, renamed the Union Line, it won a contract to carry mail to … Many of its ships went down during the two world wars, sometimes with severe loss of life. From the mid 'twenties, it added new purpose-built ships to its fleet. This plate was is typically of those plates … Initially the “Union Steamship Company” (USSCo) of New Zealand owned and operated a considerable fleet ships covering a range of tonnages, however the over-night Inter-Island Express service between Wellington and Lyttelton (Christchurch), was one of the most important routes. Union sold its last large ships, leaving just a seagoing tug and barge to briefly carry its flag across the threshold of the millennium. Often they did this aboard elderly ships, vessels that the travelling   public would have wished the Union Company to dispose of long ago. Union Steam Ship Company records, Hocken Collections AG-292-7/9/1 Mandeno & Fraser specification for 1940 remodelling (with thanks to Oakley Gray architects) Dunedin City Council permit records … In 1997 BIL sold Union's remaining Bass Strait business and in 1998 the core trans-Tasman business. /records… She was the last of the Leith Built Ships for the Union Steamship Company … In the early days of radio, Union Company ships tested frequencies, passed on distress messages and even kept the infant West Coast radio stations supplied with new records fresh from Australia. The Company could be very cautious. Only the maritime community usually remembers freighter wrecks but the loss of a passenger ship is different. Minnesota Historical Society Great Northern Railway Company (U.S.). Towards the end of the Edwardian era the company explored splitting up its business units in order to escape the charge of monopolism. The BTs' innovative marine gas turbines guzzled gas, though, and the unforeseen oil price shocks of the 1970s forced Union to re-engine Union Rotoiti with conventional diesels. Surrounding it from top left (clockwise) are: Sargood, Son & Ewen buildings in Invercargill and Dunedin (warehousemen and manufacturers including boot factory); Girton College; J J Arthur (tailors); McGavin and Co Union Brewery and Cellars; John Edmond (iron and hardware merchant); Evening Star Office; P Miller (importer); Grand Hotel (Watson Brothers); Bennett & Son (cordial manufacturers); James J Pryor and son (nurserymen); DIC (Drapery and General Importing Company - B Hallenstein, Cahirman of Directors); Hordern & White Dunedin Carriage Factory; Geo M Marshall (homeopathic chemist); Scoullar & Chisholm (furniture manufacturers and importers); Joseph McKay (boot and shoe manufacturer and importer); Dick & McKechnie Drapery Supply Association; The Phoenix Company (makers of jams, biscuits and confectionery); H S Fish & Son (paperhangings and window glass). With fingers in so many pies, the company and its ships frequently played bit parts in other people's dramas. Under P&O, 'the Southern Octopus' had become 'the Southern Eunuch'. U.S. Supreme Court Transcript of Record with Supporting Pleadings by Calhoun Alexander D from Flipkart.com. Some ships owned were the National City, Brunswick, Coquelle River, Arctic, and three … Physical Description: Dry plate glass negative 3.25 x 4.25 inches It also switched its New Zealand coastal RO-ROs to the Tasman, and in 1976 the company also withdrew the costly new Wellington-Lyttelton ferry Rangatira from its historic glamour trade. A slightly larger Wahine followed in 1913. ; San Francisco and Portland Steamship Company. Formed 1900 by the merger of Union SS Co. and the Castle Mail Packet Co. 1912 Royal Mail group took over control of the company. In January 1908 the company's freighter Koonya earned a footnote in Antarctic history by towing Shackleton's Nimrod from Lyttelton and became the first steel-hulled ship to cross the Antarctic Circle. The Union Steam Ship Company survived as New Zealand ’s premier shipping company for 125 years, from 1875-2000. In its 125 very eventful years the Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand sent its ships to just about every port in the country and to many overseas. The federation modelled itself on the Shipping Federation, London, and its founding members were Huddart Parker & Co., McIlwraith McEachern & Co., the Union Steamship Company of New Zealand, the Australasian Steam Navigation Company, and the Adelaide Steamship Company. Its end came off North Africa in November 1942 when serving as a troopship. In 1912 it had secured such a toehold, by buying the New Zealand Shipping Company's 'Irish County' service. They do not usually include the New Zealand Company shareholders. Although most of the Union Company ships were smaller than the Atlantic liners, the fleet was huge in numbers and Union was a significant line by world standards. In earlier decades their Bluff and Dunedin counterparts would have followed the movements of the Union liners on the old 19th century 'horseshoe run'. It was the first big passenger ship to sink here in the television era and those grainy, grey images of disaster transmitted around the world, simply stunned us. Take the early history of one of its premier routes, the famous Wellington-Lyttelton ferry service. They shipped a variety of cargo such as vegetables, grain, lumber, coal and iron, and boasted modern, luxurious facilities for their passengers. Our collection features 28 steamship lines and many small collections with other steamship … Italian bombers struck and Awatea's speed and anti-aircraft guns provided insufficient protection and the ship went down in flames. By the end of the 1960s the Union Company was at a crossroads. Morgan became minor legends. With the exception of a typhoid epidemic, the gold rushes of the 1860s had been good to Dunedin, kicking fresh life into what had been a struggling, factionalised semi-theocratic Free Church of Scotland colony. Accounts 1921-38. volume 487. Most important, however, was his meeting with Dumbarton shipbuilder and investor, Peter Denny. Significant collections include the Canadian Pacific, Cunard Line, French Line, Hamburg-America, Holland-America, North German Lloyd, United States Lines, and the White Star Line. Mills and his partners also had eyes on the vital trade between New Zealand and  Australia. It was bigger than the five largest Australian lines and was the biggest line 'south of the line'. The Union Company went on to acquire many other small ventures, most notably the West Coast coal companies collier fleets in the mid 1880s. Perhaps more damning was the company's failure to see the potential of the road/rail ferries that the New Zealand Railways wanted for the Wellington-Picton run. It had not quite finished with coal burners, but the introduction next year of the 2,361-ton Kauri to the Tasman pointed the way ahead. liners and cargo ships plied the ocean routes to ports in eastern North America, the Far East, Australia, Pacific islands and of course, around the coast of New Zealand. The Awatea performed well in the remaining years of peace. By Union Steamships along the Gulf Coast riviera; Marine Digest, a special issue commemorating the growth and history of British Columbia's oldest steamship company . And, despite complaints from VIPs, such as the MPs who often used the ships, they got no better. They have plenty of good boats but no competition – and that is the trouble'. The Phoenix Company ( bottom left ) detail from Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand :View of Dunedin from Waverly Bay [and views of Dunedin buildings]. In hindsight it can be seen that it was soon to suffer an even more serious loss than the wartime sinkings — the nationalisation of its air services. Union Lumber Company Records. In 1999, however, that all came to an end. Little wonder that people flocked aboard them during their triumphal first sailings or that business leaders toasted the company's fortunes in the steamers' luxuriously panelled saloons. These ships burned coal, but a hint of things to come came in 1935 with the company's first new coastal motor-ship, the 1,044-ton Karu. Supplement of the "Dunedin Star", April 10th, 1893. It was unglamorous work, but in 2000 the tug Karamea and the large barge Union Bulk I made what look almost certain to be the last Union voyages. Click thumbnail for a larger image. In 1914 the company was exploring the possibilities of a tie-up with the New Zealand Shipping Company when war intervened. Little wonder, therefore, that P&O chuckled over the bargain that it had got in 1917, paying £2.9 million in cash and stock for assets really worth £11.6 million. Inscriptions: Recto - top left - Printed for the proprietors of the "Evening Star" Dunedin, by F W Niven & Co., and published by John George Moody, Mornington. Supplement of the "Dunedin Star", April 10th, 1893.. Ref: Eph-E-BUILDINGS-Dunedin-1893-01. A big plus is that Record Union's layout doesn't look like it came from the zeroes. They said that the capital's residents set their watches by the ferries that ran like clockwork between Wellington and Lyttelton. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. About 25 conventional vessels left the fleet in 1974-76 alone. 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